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  • Khushi Bihani

Capital Punishment

All punishments are based on the same proposition that there must be a penalty for wrongdoing. There are two main reasons for inflicting the penalty. One is the belief that it is both right and just that a person who has done wrong should suffer for it; the other is the belief that inflicting punishment on wrongdoers discourages others from doing wrong. Capital punishment abides by the same principle and is defined as the execution of an offender sentenced to death after conviction by a court of law for a criminal offence.

Death as a consequence of capital crimes has become a growingly controversial topic. The distinct politics surrounding the same have two opposing segments - some stand against it without exception whereas others support it when deemed necessary.

In this article, I hope to explore the morality and the apparent efficiency of capital punishment. I will illustrate both flanks of the argument and then emanate a conclusion.

Supporters of capital punishment believe that the death of an individual delinquent would conserve the dignity and life of multiple others since it-

  • serves as a potent deterrent against heinous crimes

  • offers a sense of closure to the victims and their families

  • reduces the financial burden of maintaining incarcerated individuals for their entire lives.

Adversaries of capital punishment believe that an eye for an eye makes the whole world blind and thus obliterating the life of an offender to bring justice to the victim is vicious and cruel because-

  • the possibility of wrongful convictions and consequently execution of innocent individuals is morally unacceptable.

  • it violates the fundamental right to life

  • unequal application of capital punishment, particularly affecting marginalized and minority groups, highlights biases and disparities within the justice system.

  • prioritisation of rehabilitation and reform instead of punishment.

In conclusion, it is important to acknowledge that capital punishment should be administered with the utmost care and adequate legal safeguards but it should remain a viable prospect for punishment.

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