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  • Anvi Khandelwal

Ellinikí Mythología

Greek Mythologies consisted of various stories consisting of Gods, Heroes and Legends that provided explanation for natural order in the world. In the ancient world, mythology gave meaning to what people saw around them. While some were just fanciful tales like Hercules and King Midas, others were based on history, like the Trojan War.


Greek mythology, unlike the Christian Bible and Hindu Vedas, did not have its origins in a single book. Instead, it evolved organically over time through oral traditions. The captivating tales of the Greeks gradually took shape during the archaic and classical eras, as they were woven into the fabric of the written literature of the ancient Mediterranean world. Within Hesiod's Theogony, written in 700 BC, a intricate lineage of elements, gods, and goddesses emerges, tracing their ancestry back to Chaos and descending from Gaia (Earth), Ouranos (Sky), Pontos (Sea), and Tartaros (the Underworld). It recounts the remarkable journey of the cosmos, emerging from nothingness embodied by Chaos, a primordial void, into existence.


At the center of Greek Mythology were the gods, believed to reside on Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece. From their lofty abode, they ruled over every aspect of life, their powers transcending human form. The twelve Olympian gods were Zeus (king of the gods), Hera (goddess of marriage), Poseidon (god of the sea), Demeter (goddess of agriculture), Athena (goddess of wisdom), Apollo (god of music and poetry), Artemis (goddess of hunting), Ares (god of war), Aphrodite (goddess of love), Hephaestus (god of fire), Hermes (messenger god), and Dionysus (god of wine). Additionally, Hades, the god of the Dead and the Underworld, while residing outside Olympus, formed part of the revered triumvirate, along with Zeus and Poseidon.


Greek Mythology encompasses more than just the gods and goddesses; it also celebrates the remarkable feats of human heroes. One such legendary figure is Heracles, known as Hercules, who embarked on daring adventures and accomplished twelve seemingly impossible labors for King Eurystheus. Pandora, the first woman, succumbed to her curiosity and unleashed a myriad of evils by opening a cursed box. Among other captivating tales, we find Arachne, whose arrogance transformed her into a spider, and King Midas, who possessed the fabled golden touch. Furthermore, Greek Mythology teems with a diverse array of creatures and hybrids. Majestic beings like the winged horse Pegasus, the animated automatons crafted by Hephaestus, and the half-human, half-horse Centaurs grace its rich tapestry. Not to be forgotten are the formidable Cyclops with their single eye, the enigmatic Gorgons, the diminutive pygmies, the elusive unicorns, and the awe-inspiring dragons.


It’s hard to realize, but Greek Mythology still lives on with us. Many consumer products get their name from Greek Mythology. Amazon, for instance, is named after the race of mystical brave female warriors. Nike sneakers are also named after the Goddess of Victory, Nike. Authors have made up different stories based on Greek Mythology. The series Percy Jackson is a great example. The characters, stories, themes and lessons of Greek mythology have shaped art and literature for thousands of years and will continue to do so.





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