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  • Pranjal Mishra

Hydrogen Revolution in India

CSIR and KPIT ltd. developed India’s first hydrogen fuel cell bus, unveiled by the Union minister of state for science and technology Dr. Jitendra Singh at an event in Pune made by Sentient labs.


This revolutionary idea would boost PM Modi's “Hydrogen Vision”, typically emit 100 tons of CO2 per year on long-distance routes. The hydrogen cell truck’s operational costs are lesser than that of the conventional trucks which aim to make India achieve clean and green energy goals and create more employment opportunities.


This cell bus uses hydrogen fuel cells (which uses Hydrogen and air) to generate electricity and produce heat and water as exhaust pipe emissions. This reaction happens in an electrochemical cell, which causes energy engines to move the vehicle forward. It is the same as the

batteries which are found in electric vehicles but they do not run out of fuel until there is no hydrogen in the surroundings.


Some of the advantages of Hydrogen fuel cell-powered vehicles are:


  • They emit zero tailpipe emissions

  • Emit water vapour and warm air

  • Faster refuelling time

  • Fast charging technologies

  • More efficient than other kinds of vehicles



These advantages make this a revolutionary invention. This bus is eco-friendly and is inspired by the 'National Green Hydrogen Mission' by PM Shri Narendra Modi.


The top four hydrogen fuel cell manufacturers in the world are the US and Korea and California. India has recently ventured into this sector after the Green Hydrogen policy was unveiled by MoP on 17th February 2022, which was launched by Shri Narendra Modi on the 75th Independence day last year. India has announced a plan to produce five million tonnes of green hydrogen by 2030.


The stakeholders who have taken the initiative to achieve this green hydrogen mission are Acme Group, Azure Power and Fortum India, SunEdison Infrastructure (Refex Group), O2 Power and Spring Energy. Reliance Industries, Larsen & Toubro, JSW Steel, Jindal Steel, NTPC, BPCL and Indian Oil Corp among others, have announced plans to set up green hydrogen units.


Hydrogen fuel can be seen as an alternative to the lithium-ion electric cars we know of and as technology develops, time will tell us about its success. This bus is the steeping stop for hydrogen-fueled cars as well as a sustainable environment.













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