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  • Khushi Bihani

Labour Laws in India: A Tug of War Between Worker Rights and Business Interests

Labour laws in India encompass a diverse spectrum of regulations, ranging from minimum wage standards to workplace safety, designed to safeguard the rights of workers and maintain equitable working conditions. This multifaceted landscape inevitably sparks debate about the fairness of these laws, with stakeholders offering differing viewpoints.

Over the years, labor laws in India have undergone transformation to address worker concerns, striving to protect laborers from exploitation and secure fair compensation for their toil. As Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, once remarked, "The real worth of a society can be assessed by the way it treats its labor force." Emphasizing this, India has witnessed efforts to streamline and modernize labor laws through government-led reforms, fostering a more business-friendly environment.

Nonetheless, critics assert that the intricate nature of these laws, particularly concerning compliance and enforcement, may create an undue burden on businesses. This, they argue, could stifle job creation and discourage investments, as they perceive these laws as overly protective. Renowned Indian economist and former Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, once stated, "Reforms are an ongoing process, and we must continuously adapt our labor laws to changing economic realities."

In conclusion, the fairness of India's labour laws hinges on one's perspective. Striking the delicate balance between worker protection and a business-friendly atmosphere remains an enduring challenge for policymakers. These laws are, and will continue to be, a subject of perpetual debate and revision to ensure they serve as instruments to advance both worker welfare and economic progress.

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