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  • Ribhhu Misraa

“Make in India” Campaign and its Boosting Effects in India's Science Field

India's journey towards becoming a global powerhouse in science and technology has gained significant momentum with the introduction of the "Make in India" initiative. Launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, Make in India aims to transform the country into a global manufacturing hub and boost innovation across various sectors, including science and technology. This initiative has not only garnered attention on the global stage but has also ushered in a new era of scientific innovation within India.


The Make in India initiative has set ambitious goals to enhance indigenous research, development, and innovation across sectors ranging from aerospace to pharmaceuticals. One of the key sectors that has witnessed remarkable growth is the field of information technology. According to the "Make in India" official website, India's IT and business process management industry contributes over 45% to the global outsourcing market and employs millions of skilled professionals.

In addition to IT, the initiative has also led to significant advancements in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals. The country has emerged as a global leader in the production of generic drugs, supplying affordable medications to millions around the world. India's pharmaceutical industry is known for its strong research capabilities and innovative approaches to drug discovery.


Furthermore, the "Make in India" initiative has given a boost to the manufacturing of medical devices. The National Biopharma Mission, a flagship program under the initiative, aims to accelerate the development of new drugs and biologics. This mission, along with various other initiatives, underscores India's commitment to transforming its healthcare sector through cutting-edge research and innovation.


The aerospace and defense sector is another area where Make in India is making significant strides. The initiative aims to make India a hub for aerospace manufacturing, with the vision of transforming the country from a buyer to a manufacturer of defense equipment. The creation of indigenous defense technologies and the development of critical infrastructure for defense production are key components of this endeavor.

According to a report by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), India's patent activity has been on the rise, with the number of patent applications nearly doubling between 2015 and 2019. This increase in patent filings reflects the growing focus on innovation and research within the country. Indian scientists and researchers are making noteworthy contributions to fields such as space technology, renewable energy, and healthcare.


India's space agency, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), has been at the forefront of numerous successful space missions. The Mars Orbiter Mission, also known as Mangalyaan, marked India's entry into interplanetary exploration. It made India the fourth space agency globally to reach Mars, and the first to do so successfully in its maiden attempt.

However, while Make in India has brought about many positive changes, there are also challenges that need to be addressed. Despite the growth in patent filings, India still lags behind in terms of patent quality and commercialization. Moreover, the country's investment in research and development remains lower than that of many developed nations. To address these challenges, the Indian government is taking steps to foster a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship. Initiatives like the Atal Innovation Mission aim to promote innovation and start-ups by providing a platform for young innovators to showcase their ideas and inventions. The government is also working on creating a conducive environment for private sector participation in research and development.


In conclusion, the "Make in India" initiative is playing a pivotal role in shaping India's science and technology landscape. With its focus on innovation, research, and indigenous manufacturing, the initiative has propelled India towards becoming a global hub for scientific advancements. While there are challenges to overcome, the commitment of the government and the enthusiasm of India's scientific community are driving the country towards a future filled with technological prowess and innovation.


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