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  • Vishnu Chakravarti

The Evolution of ISRO

The ISRO organization is what one could call the pride of India. The forerunner of space research in India stands for the Indian space research organization. On August 15th, 1969 the ISRO was established, sharing its birthday with our country’s independence. Its timeline, however, is an intruiging series that can be viewed.


In 1962, at the request of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai who is also known as the founding father of the Indian Space Organization, Jawaharlal Nehru set up the INSCOPAR (Indian National Committee for Space Research). Later, under the government of Indira Gandhi, INSCOPAR was brought under ISRO. In 1972, a space commission and Department of Space (DOS) were set up in India to oversee space technology development and the ISRO was brought under the DOS , institutionalizing space research and paving the way for the Indian Space program. In 1963, the first sounding rocket was launched Nike-Apache was produced by the USA. A sounding rocket is a rocket intended for assessing the upper atmosphere’s parameters. India joined the Soviet space program Interkosmos for space cooperation and through a soviet rocket, our first satellite Aryabhatta was launched.India’s first rocket, an indigenous sounding RH-75,was launched on November 20th, 1967. It took 7 years for ISRO to develop the Satellite Launch Vehicle. After a first failure, a Rohini series I satellite was launched in the 1980s making India the 7th country to achieve an orbit of the earth. ISRO’s Liquid Propulsion Systems Center (LPSC) was set up in 1985 and worked on a more powerful engine, Vikas. ISRO launched the Chandrayaan-1 in 2008, the first to probe the existence of water on the moon and the Mars orbiter in 2013, the first Asian spacecraft to enter Martian orbit, making India the first country to succeed in the first attempt.


ISRO, the national space agency was made for reconnaissance, communication, and research for India in space. This required the design and development of space rockets, satellites, and deep space exploration. The ISRO also has incubated its technologies in India’s private space sector boosting its growth. With a total of 114 spacecraft missions, 84 launch missions and 342 foreign satellites, the ISRO has achieved leaps and bounds in the space field. For the 75th Independence Day anniversary, ISRO launched Azadisat(built by 750 school girls) and 75 student satellites. This mission was launched successfully last week, and it is a mission to popularize STEM amongst female students. The pride of our nation, the ISRO is our sole flame of hope which continues to amaze us with its work in the field and its dedicated staff.












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