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  • Bhavya Kapoor

World Brain Tumour Day: 08.06.2022

"Awareness Can Only Make Cure Possible"

World Brain Tumour Day 2017 Slogan


A tumour is an abnormal growth of tissues in the body because of a malfunction in the cells which grow and divide more than they are supposed to. Tumours, besides other body parts, also occur in the brain or can spread to the brain from elsewhere. A brain tumour is an abnormal growth or mass of cells in or around the brain. It is also called a central nervous system tumour.


There are over 120 kinds of brain tumours based on the brain tissues affected by them. All brain cancers are tumours, but not all brain tumours are cancerous. The two types of brain tumours are benign and malignant brain tumours. Benign brain tumours are non-cancerous tumours, while malignant brain tumours are cancerous.


Benign brain tumours generally grow slowly, have distinct borders and rarely spread. However, benign tumours can still be dangerous. They can damage and compress parts of the brain, causing severe dysfunction. Benign brain tumour located in a vital area of the brain can be life-threatening. However, very rarely a benign tumour can become malignant. On the contrary, malignant brain tumours are cancerous. They typically grow rapidly and invade surrounding healthy brain structures. Brain cancer can be life-threatening due to the changes it causes to the vital structures of the brain.


Doctors are still not sure what causes most of the brain tumours. Mutations or defects in genes may cause cells in the brain to grow uncontrollably, causing a tumour. The only known environmental cause of brain tumours to date is exposure to large amounts of radiation from X-rays or previous cancer treatment. Some brain tumours occur due to hereditary conditions passed from generation to generation.


The common symptoms of a brain tumour include headaches, seizures or convulsions, difficulty in thinking, speaking or finding words, weakness, numbness or paralysis in one part or one side of the body, loss of balance, dizziness or unsteadiness, confusion and disorientation and memory loss.


Doctors use several tests to confirm the presence of a brain tumour. These tests include biopsy, imaging tests, neurological examination and spinal tap. An estimated 88,970 people will receive a primary brain tumour diagnosis in 2022.


The non-profit organisation, Deutsche Hirntumorhilfe e.V or German Brain Tumour Association, observed World Brain Tumour Day for the first time on 8th June, 2000. They decided to announce this international, annual event as a tribute to every brain tumour patient worldwide and their loved ones. Since then, World Brain Tumour Day is celebrated every year on the 8th of June. The goal of the German Brain Tumour Association is to find a cure for tumours of the brain. For this purpose, it supports scientific research, especially neuro-oncology studies. With the motto “knowledge creates future”, the association provides guidance and support to brain tumour patients and those looking after them.


As per the National Health Portal (NHP), Government of India, brain tumour cases are rising in India. Amongst children, it is more common in girls. A National Cancer Control Programme has been initiated by the Government of India Government of India with the objectives of prevention, screening, early detection, diagnosis and treatment including palliative care in the final stage.


As per the NHP data, the majority of patients suffering from brain tumours die within 9-12 months and less than 3% survive more than 3 years. Therefore, it is important to create awareness among people about brain tumours. If anyone has any signs or symptoms that are worrying, an appointment with a doctor should be made immediately.


"Grey Matter(s)!"



Bibliography:

  1. n.a. "Brain Tumors and Brain Cancer". JohnsHopkinsMedicine. n.d. Web. 3 May, 2022. <https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/brain-tumor#:~:text=All%20brain%20cancers%20are%20tumors,distinct%20borders%20and%20rarely%20spread.>

  2. n.a. "Brain Cancer (Brain Tumor)". ClevelandClinic. n.d. Web. 3 May, 2022. <https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/6149-brain-cancer-brain-tumor>

  3. n.a. "World Brain Tumor Day 2021: History and Significance". News18. 8 June, 2021. Web. 3 May, 2022. <https://www.news18.com/news/lifestyle/world-brain-tumor-day-2021-history-and-significance-3821216.html>

  4. n.a. "Quick Brain Tumor Facts". NationalBrainTumorSociety. n.d. Web. 3 May, 2022. <https://braintumor.org/brain-tumor-information/brain-tumor-facts/>


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